Before and After
We accept all medical aids.
Treatments We Offer
Dental Hygiene/Scaling and polishing
Effective oral hygiene is vital in order to help keep your teeth and gums in optimum condition, your smile whiter and your breath fresh.
Effective oral hygiene is vital in order to help keep your teeth and gums in optimum condition, your smile whiter and your breath fresh.
We offer professional cleaning treatments using specialised equipment and materials. An important aspect of our role is to show you how to look after your teeth so they remain free from plaque. Stains from coffee, tea or cigarettes can be removed and you will also be given guidance on the correct brushing, flossing and inter dental brushing techniques to use at home.
Dental hygiene at the dental practice also forms part of treating gum disease and bad breath. If you have a bridge, denture, orthodontic treatment or a dental implant you will have specific hygiene needs that the hygienist will be able to assist you with.
Gum disease becomes more likely as we age and can be detected, so we encourage regular appointments.
White Fillings/Composite Fillings
Composite ‘white’ fillings match the colour of natural teeth.
Many people opt for white fillings when older style silver amalgams need replacing due to wear and tear. However, if you have dark or discoloured fillings that are visible when smiling or laughing, you may like to change them for aesthetic reasons.
The procedure involves of removing any decay from your tooth, taking out the metal or amalgam filling and placing a tooth coloured filling instead. The new filling is made from a very hard substance and will withstand the forces in your mouth when you bite and chew over a long period of time. This will allow you to smile without a metallic glint in sight, giving your teeth a more natural appearance overall.
We believe prevention is always better than cure and will always encourage and help you to look after your teeth so you don’t develop tooth decay in the first place. If you do have decay and need a filling then we recommend white fillings as a good solution that is both aesthetic and functional.
So if you are worried about the condition of your old fillings why not book a consultation to see if we could replace them with white fillings for you.
Prolonged Gum Disease
Gum disease is caused by plaque building up on and between teeth, irritating the gums and making them swollen.
If this is not treated, it may lead to destruction of the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw. As the disease gets worse the teeth can become loose, and eventually fall out. Unfortunately, gum disease progresses painlessly on the whole so that you do not notice the damage it is doing. Your gums may bleed when you are brushing or eating, and your breath may also become unpleasant.
Prolonged Gum Treatment involves careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove tartar and plaque deposits from deep periodontal pockets, under local anaesthetic. The root surfaces are smoothened to remove bacterial toxins, and irrigated with antimicrobials. An antibiotic gel (which is active against the bacteria causing gum disease), is applied directly into the pockets where bacteria are growing. This treatment reduces the depth of treated pockets, which results in an improvement in gum health.
Do you feel a shooting pain in your teeth when eating or drinking something hot?
Does the thought of biting into ice cream or a cold hard apple make you wince? Sensitive teeth can be a burden for many people. It is always important to seek advice from a dental professional so the source of the problem can be identified and treated.
One cause of sensitivity is dental erosion, which is the loss of tooth enamel. Enamel is the hard outer coating of a tooth, which protects the sensitive dentine underneath. If the enamel is worn away or eroded, this dentine is exposed which can lead to pain and sensitivity, which can be worsened with extreme temperatures.
Erosion can be caused by your diet (frequent consumption of high sugar or high acid food or drink), tooth brushing habits (brushing too hard), tooth grinding, certain medical conditions and eating disorders. Other causes of sensitivity include:
•A cracked tooth or filling
For top tips on protecting your enamel and for effective treatment of tooth sensitivity come to the practice for a check-up, where we can create an individualised care plan for you.
Although we do our best to “save” your teeth, occasionally extractions may be necessary due to wide-spread damage caused by injury or disease.
We understand that you may be experiencing anxiety about your tooth extraction, which may be coupled with your extended discomfort due to your damaged tooth. For anxious patients, our calming chair side manner and relaxed tone, allow patients to successfully complete treatments.
Before any extraction, we will perform a thorough visual examination, and use x-ray imaging to determine the condition of the tooth. Such an assessment is vital not only to ensure a smooth, trouble-free extraction, but also is used to explore your future replacement options.
Most tooth extractions are a straight forward procedure, followed by at-home care that includes rest and gentle care of the extraction site. Your dentist will discuss what to expect during and after your extraction, as well as your after care. Your tooth extraction may involve what are commonly referred to as “wisdom” teeth. Sometimes there may not be room in your mouth for your wisdom teeth and you might feel some pain or discomfort. We will see how – or if – your wisdom teeth are coming through, and then be able to make a judgement on whether or not to take them out.
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment (also called Endodontics) is needed when the pulp inside your tooth becomes infected through tooth decay or damaged by an injury to your mouth.
This infection may spread through the root canal system, which could eventually lead to an abscess, causing a great deal of discomfort. If root canal treatment is not carried out, the tooth may need to be taken out.
We can perform root canal treatment to stop the infection from spreading and will preserve as much of your tooth as possible. Using specific techniques and advanced equipment, you will receive a local anaesthetic and the treatment overall should feel no different to having an ordinary filling placed.
The aim of the treatment is to remove all infection from the root canal. The root is then cleaned and filled to prevent any further infection. A temporary filling is put in and the tooth is left to settle. The tooth is checked at a later visit and when all the infection has cleared, the tooth is permanently filled or a crown is fitted. Root canal treatment is a skilled procedure and most courses of treatment will involve two or more visits.
Veneers & Crowns
Are your teeth stained, chipped, or not aligned on top of each other?
Veneers are a good treatment option to consider because they look like natural teeth and don’t require a major procedure.
A veneer is a very thin, tooth-coloured piece of porcelain (like a false finger nail) that is bonded on top of your own tooth. Based on your needs, we can adjust the shape of your veneers to make your teeth overall look longer and or closer together. You can have just one veneer or a whole set, known as a smile makeover.
For a single stained tooth we can also match the precise shade of porcelain to give it a lighter appearance and fit in with the surrounding teeth. Veneers can also be used to close small gaps, when braces are not suitable. If one tooth is slightly out of position, a veneer can sometimes be fitted to bring it into line with the others.
If you are interested in how veneers could help improve your smile or are considering a complete smile makeover call us today to book a cosmetic consultation.
A crown is sometimes known as a ‘cap’. It is a type of dental restoration used to protect teeth that have been broken, weakened by decay or have a very large filling.
They can be made of porcelain, precious metals such as gold or a combination of these materials.
The crown fits over the remaining part of a prepared tooth, making it strong and giving it the shape of a natural tooth.
There is no longer any need to tolerate crowns which show dark metal at the gum line or don’t match your other teeth. Porcelain crowns, inlays and onlays are metal free, stain-resistant, perfectly colour matched and completely natural in appearance. Modern, all-porcelain crowns combine beautiful aesthetics with excellent strength and durability.
A crown could be a good solution for you if you have large discoloured fillings and would like to improve their appearance. Crowns can be used as part of a ‘smile design’ treatment to give you a more aesthetic smile. Also, if you have had root canal treatment, a crown is often used to strengthen and protect the tooth.
If you think you may need a crown and want to know more, call us and we can answer any questions you may have.
Tooth Whitening & Bleaching
Teeth naturally yellow and discolour over the years, but staining is made worse by such things as smoking, tea, coffee and red wine. Tooth Whitening treatments gently and safely removes stains and improves the overall shade of your teeth. The result: your teeth look cleaner and brighter, which can take years off your appearance.
Teeth whitening is a simple procedure that can lighten the colour of your teeth by using a safe dental bleaching agent. Individual results vary and are based on your initial tooth colour and the nature of your tooth staining, but in most cases we can achieve an excellent improvement that lasts for many months.
Tooth whitening is a safe, quick and cost effective way to improve your smile. Call us to arrange a cosmetic consultation and find out more.
Missing teeth should be replaced for a number of reasons.
Appearance is one important reason as having a gap can really ruin your smile. Another is that the gap left by a missing tooth can mean greater strain is put on the teeth on either side.
A gap can also mean your bite is affected, because the teeth next to the space can lean into the gap and alter the way the upper and lower teeth bite together. This can then lead to food getting packed into the gap, which causes both decay and gum disease.
Dental bridges can be used effectively to replace missing teeth. A replacement tooth (or teeth), being fixed to the natural teeth at either side of the gap.
Bridges do not require removal from the mouth and can help to strengthen the teeth they are attached to.
Bridges are usually made of a precious metal base that gives them a solid structure and makes them hard wearing. If you need a bridge in your smile line, porcelain is usually added to the base to make it look more like real teeth.
The teeth to which the bridge is attached often require some degree of preparation, however sometimes a ‘sticky bridge’ can be used which can provide a conservative solution.
Want to find out more about bridges and how they could help to replace your missing teeth. Call us today for more information or to book a consultation.
False Teeth or Dentures
A denture is an appliance that is worn to replace lost or missing teeth to enable you to enjoy a healthy diet and smile with confidence.
A complete or full denture is one that replaces all of the natural teeth in either the upper or lower jaws. When you loose a number of teeth, your face can look ‘sunken’ and you may appear older than you are. A complete denture not only replaces the natural teeth but also helps to support the cheeks and lips.
A denture is made from hard-wearing material, either acrylic (plastic) or metal, that mimics the look of teeth and gums to give you mouth a natural appearance. Your denture will be made to fit snugly on your gums and you will be able to remove it for cleaning.
A partial denture fills in the spaces created by lost or missing teeth and is attached to your natural teeth with metal clasps or devices called precision attachments.
It is also possible to fit dentures onto dental implants, improving their stability and increasing your confidence.
Dietary advice for parents or carers of infants .
Breast milk provides the best source of nourishment for the early months of life. Mothers are encouraged and supported in breast-feeding and may choose to continue to breast-feed as the weaning diet becomes increasingly varied. Children have high energy needs for growth and development. It is important that children are given energy rich foods that are nutritious such as cereals, breads, dairy foods, and meats, chicken and eggs. Foods from the first four shelves of the food pyramid should be used to replace foods from the very top shelf that are high in added sugars/fats such as chocolate, cakes and sweets.
A mouth-guard is a custom made, rubber-like cover which fits exactly over your teeth and gums, cushioning them and protecting them from damage.
It is important to wear a professionally made mouth-guard whenever you play sport that involves physical contact or moving objects. This includes: cricket, hockey, football, boxing and rugby – which can all cause injury to your mouth. A mouth-guard will help prevent broken/damaged teeth or broken/dislocated jaws.
Also if you grind your teeth or have worn teeth, you may need to wear a mouth-guard at night. The mouth-guard creates a physical barrier between your upper and lower teeth to protect them from further damage.
An impression of your mouth is taken and a bespoke mouth guard constructed by the laboratory. This creates the best-fit mouth protector.
If you or your partner snore it can cause many difficulties!
Apart from annoying the other, it also prevents you from having a really refreshing sleep. We can make you a custom made device which brings the lower jaw forward to open the airway. It is made from accurate impressions which ensure a good and comfortable fit.
Dental Fissure Sealants
Dental sealants also known as fissure sealants are defined as a preventive dental treatment, where a plastic material is placed in the pits and fissures or chewing surfaces of primary or permanent molar and premolar teeth at the back of the mouth.
These molar teeth are considered the most susceptible teeth to dental caries due to the anatomy of the chewing surfaces of these teeth, which unfortunately inhibits protection from saliva and fluoride and instead favours plaque accumulation.
The aim of fissure sealants is to prevent or arrest the development of dental caries. Preventing tooth decay from the pits and fissures of the teeth is achieved by the fissure sealants blocking these surfaces and therefore stopping food and bacteria from getting stuck in these grooves and fissures. Fissure sealants also provide a smooth surface that is easily accessible for both our natural protective factor, saliva and the toothbrush bristles when cleaning our teeth.
Oral Cancer Screening
Early detection saves lives.
Oral cancer screening is a short procedure that involves a thorough examination of your whole mouth, to examine any lumps or lesions that you might have. This will highlight any risk factors so we can refer you as quickly as possible, if needed. It is recommended that you come in for a screening, at least on a yearly basis. It is recommended that you come in for a screening, at least on a yearly basis. Self-examination is a simple, potentially life-saving process.
Look out for:
•Ulcers which do not heal within three weeks
•Red and white patches in the mouth
•Unusual lumps or swellings in the mouth.
Most things like this will not turn out to be cancer, but if you have any signs they should be investigated immediately. Late detection of mouth cancers have resulted in a higher proportion of deaths.
Foods and Drinks
•Do not add sugar to home prepared weaning foods.
•Limit baby foods sweetened with added sugars.
•Suitable fluids include water (boiled and cooled for infants under 1 year). Natural mineral waters are not suitable for infants.
•Fruit juices should be unsweetened, well diluted (1 measure to 4 or 5 measures of water) and given at mealtimes from a cup. Baby juices and herbal drinks are not needed, but if given should be used sparingly, and only at mealtimes from a feeding cup.
•Colas, squashes, fizzy drinks and diet drinks are unsuitable for infants. Foods should never be added to the baby bottle.
Baby Bottle/Nursing Decay
Parents/carers of infants should be warned particularly about the dangers of putting fruit juices or sugar-sweetened drinks into feeding bottles or reservoir feeders and giving these to the baby/toddler to hold, especially in bed.
Such practices result in almost continuous bathing of the enamel with sugars and leads to severe and rapid tooth destruction, a condition described as baby bottle/nursing decay.
“Children should be fed and put to bed – NOT, put to bed and fed”.
•Do make sure that your child does not sleep with a bottle in his or her mouth .
•Do avoid all sugar-containing liquids in nap or bedtime bottle.
•Do encourage drinking from a cup.
•Do discontinue bottle feeding by your child’s first birthday.
•Do avoid dipping a soother in sugar, honey or anything sweet before giving to your child.
Effective tooth brushing
Research shows if a child has dental decay at a young age that they are likely to have dental decay as an adult.
The health benefits of good oral health are immense; getting children actively involved in looking after their oral health from an early age improves both their oral and general health as adults.
Effective Tooth brushing Routine
1. Parents and carers of children aged 0-2 are encouraged to brush their child’s teeth as soon as the first tooth appears, using a soft toothbrush and water only.
2. It is not recommended to use fluoride toothpaste for children aged 0-2 years.
3. From age 2-7 years use a small pea size amount of fluoride toothpaste which contains at least 1,000 ppm F (parts per million Fluoride). The amount contained in a toothpaste will be shown on the packaging.
4. Children under the age of 7 should be supervised by an adult when brushing and should be encouraged to spit and not rinse after brushing so that the effects of fluoride toothpaste are not diluted.
5. A gentle scrub technique involving very short sideways movements is recommended.
6. Brush twice a day – at bedtime and at one other time during the day Brushing with a fluoride toothpaste is very effective in preventing dental decay. Regular tooth brushing removes plaque, which causes gum disease.
For 0-2 year olds
People used to say “oh, they’re just baby teeth”. In fact, baby teeth are important. Good, healthy baby teeth will pave the way for good healthy adult teeth. And by helping children to take good care of their teeth, you are starting habits that will last them all their lives.
When a baby is born, the first set of teeth is already there, just under the gums. The arrival of a baby’s first tooth is always an exciting time! The front teeth usually begin to come through the gums between six and twelve months. Over the next 2 years the remaining ‘baby’ teeth will appear. By the time a child is 3 years old all 20 baby teeth will have arrived. These teeth are very important for eating, talking and smiling. They also keep spaces for the adult teeth.
Diet and a Baby’s Dental Health
Babies are not born with a sweet tooth. Babies will enjoy home-made baby foods without sugar. If you’re buying baby foods, look out for the ones without sugar. You don’t have to buy special juices either. Babies will enjoy ordinary fruit juice. For very young babies you should dilute juice with plenty of cooled boiled water.
Sugar and sugary foods can be a tooth’s worst enemy. For good dental health cut down on how often a baby eats sugary foods and drink. Give them as part of a meal instead of between meals if you can. Having sugary foods and drinks too often puts the teeth at risk of tooth decay. This is especially important once the baby teeth start to appear (around 6 months).
Some babies get sore gums when they are teething. Babies can get restless or irritable, and they might start sleeping or feeding badly. Sometimes this may lead to problems digesting food or to loose stools. Teething doesn’t make a baby really sick, though, so any sick child should be seen by a doctor – don’t pass it off as just ‘teething’.
If baby’s gums seem sore or baby seems cranky and dribbles a lot, there are some things that you can do to help.
Try giving baby something to chew on. There is a good selection of teething rings on the market – but make sure they are made of soft material and are big enough so that there is no danger of choking. Some parents find that teething rings containing fluid which can be cooled in the fridge are best. Milk, cooled boiled water, or very diluted sugar-free fruit juices may help – sweet drinks do not. If baby wakes at night and is irritable, you can use a mild pain reliever, preferably sugar free. Avoid ointments which numb the gum unless your dentist recommends them.
Not all children need soothers or pacifiers. If you feel the baby needs a pacifier it is important to make sure it is of the correct design. An Orthodontic type one is the most suitable. Only use it when absolutely necessary and wean the baby off it as soon as possible. Otherwise it may have long term ill effects on the way a baby’s teeth grow. Never dip the soother into sugary liquid (honey, jams or syrupy medicines) to encourage the child to use it.
Babies get a lot of pleasure and satisfaction from sucking things – including their own thumbs. There is no real harm in letting them suck their thumbs. Most infants will stop of their own accord. You can expect children to have given up sucking by the age of 4 years.
Thumbsucking is only really a problem if children go on sucking their thumbs after this age. Some children suck their thumbs very hard. This can pull their teeth out of shape. Children who suck hard should be helped to give up. It you want to help a child to give up sucking, remember that sucking makes the child feel contented and secure. Encourage the child to do other things instead.
When children are learning to walk they are especially likely to fall and injure their teeth or mouth. You should bring a child to see a dentist if they hurt their mouth and the bleeding doesn’t stop, or if they damage a tooth, or if they fall and drive a tooth back up into their gum. Your dentist will be able to take an x-ray and decide if anything needs to be done. Very often, all that is needed after an injury is to keep a close eye on the child’s teeth and gums for a while, but you should check with a dentist to make sure.
Children Dentistry -We consider each child’s impressionable state when visiting us and we strive to present a caring, safe and secure environment where their experience is always positive and educational.
We ensure you are thoroughly informed of every step of their treatment – no matter how simple.
Regular check-ups from a young age will ensure children won’t suffer from untreated dental decay with devastating effects to their growing dentition. Fluoride applications are an effective way to safeguard your growing child’s teeth from developing decay. Children too can have hygiene cleans for help and encouragement in looking after their teeth.
From teaching your youngsters the proper way to brush, to exploring the need for orthodontic care or responding quickly to the need for emergency dental treatments – we wish to be a vital part of your child’s dental health care. Visit our kiddies corner page to learn more!
Preventing oral cancer
Lifestyle choices can significantly influence your risk of oral cancer
TOBACCO – Tobacco is the most common cause of mouth cancer. Risk is the same for users of all forms of tobacco, including cigarettes, chewing tobacco, paan, areca nut and guthka.
ALCOHOL – More than 7 in 10 people diagnosed with mouth cancer drink more than the recommended daily limit. Drinking increases the mouth’s rate of absorption of tobacco. People who drink and smoke to excess are up to 30 times more likely to develop mouth cancer. It is recommended that men drink no more than 3-4 units per day and women drink no more than 2-3.
DIET – A healthy balanced diet containing the recommended five a day fruit and vegetable portions can help lower mouth cancer risk. Eat green and yellow fresh fruit and vegetables every day – bananas, peppers, broccoli, beans and cabbage are good sources of beta-carotene that can help to prevent other cancers too. Fish and eggs have also been linked to reduced risk.
HPV – The human papilloma virus (HPV) Transmitted via unprotected oral sex, is a growing threat as a mouth cancer cause. Experts suggest it may rival tobacco and alcohol as a major cancer cause within 10 years
SUNBLOCK To prevent lip cancer make sure you wear protective screening lotion when the sun is shining.
A growing number of people are however developing the disease without displaying any traditional risk factors – underlining the need for check-ups with your dentist and self-examination. The age group affected is falling as more younger people than ever are diagnosed.
Speak to us if you have any concerns or for personal advice.
For further information on oral cancer or http://www.mouthcancer.org/